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THEME: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (THE NUCLEAR)

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salogo hamed Burkina Faso
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THEME: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (THE NUCLEAR)

Message non lu par salogo hamed » mer. 23 sept. 2020 14:31

THEME: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (THE NUCLEAR)

TEXT 23: DISARMAMENT

The public must be made more aware of the terrible danger to world stability caused
by the arms race, of the burden it imposes on national security and of the resources it diverts
from peaceful development.
The mutual distrust which stimulates the arms race between nations calls for
continuing the process of détente through agreements on confidence building measures. All
sides should be prepared for negotiations (including those on regional level) to get the arms
race under control at a time before new weapons systems have been established.
The world needs a more comprehensive understanding of security which would be less
restricted to the purely military aspects.
Every efforts must be made to secure international agreements preventing the
proliferation of nuclear weapons.
A global respected peace-keeping mechanism should be built up strengthening the role
of the United Nations.
In securing the integrity, peace-keeping machinery might free resources for
development through a decrease in military expenditures.
Military expenditures and arms exports might be one element entering into a new
principle for international taxation for development purposes. A tax on arms trade should be
at a higher rate than on other trades.
Increased efforts should be made to reach agreements on the disclosure of arms
exports and exports of arms-producing facilities.
The international community should become more seriously concerned about the
consequences of arms- transfers and of export of arms-producing facilities and reach
agreement to restrain such deliveries to areas of conflict or tension.
More research is necessary on the means of converting arms production to civilian
production which could make use of the highly skilled scientific and technical manpower
currently employed in arms industries.

Adapted from North-South: A Programme for Survival

GUIDED COMMENTARY

1- Why, according to the text, is it imperative to start solving the problem of arms race?
2- What measures can be taken for the control of arms race according to the text? Mention
three of them.
3- In what way can peaceful development benefit from disarmament according to the text?
4- Why do some nations resort to arms race as a national policy in your opinion?
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