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About family planning

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About family planning

Message non lu par salogo hamed » mer. 23 sept. 2020 14:17

ENGLISH TEST N°3 About family planning

The issue of family planning is closely linked to what is often called the population
Throughout much of mankind’s history, population growth was slow; the number
dying was about the same as the number being born. Eventually, about the year 1830, the
world’s population reached one billion people. Then came medical and scientific advances
that resulted in fewer deaths from disease, especially childhood disease. By about 1930, world
population stood at two billion people. By1987, world population reached five billion.
To look at it another way, the number of people on the planet is presently increasing
by about 170 people every minute. That adds up to some 250,000 people every day, enough
for a sizeable city. This means, too, that each year yields a population increase of over 90
million people, the equivalent of three Canadas or another Mexico. Over 90 percent of this
growth is occurring in developing countries, where 75 percent of the world’s population
already lives.
But why are governments eager to limit population growth by family planning. Dr. Bales
Sagoe, Nigeria’s National Program officer for UN Population Fund, answers this question
with a simple illustration that, he cautions, tends to oversimplify a complex and controversial
situation. He explains: “suppose a farmer owns ten acres of land. If he has ten children and
divides the land equally among them, each child will have an acre. If each of those children
has ten children and divides the land similarly, each of their children will have only one tenth
of an acre. Clearly, these children will not be as well-off as their grandfather, who had ten
acres of land”.
This illustration highlights the relationship between a growing number of people and a
finite earth with limited resources. As the population grows, many developing countries are
struggling to cope with issues such as the lack of natural resources, infrastructures (housing,
schools, sanitary, facilities, roads) and unemployment.

AWAKE: February 22, 1993.

VOCUBULARY: Sizeable: fairly big; Eager: determined; Acre: “demi-hectare”; Well-off: at
ease; To yield: to produce


1) After describing the way the population grows in the text, give a qualification to this
growth. (5pts)
2) What factor causes this increase of the population, referring to the text? (3pts)
3) What can be the consequences of the population growth according to the text? (4pts)
4) Do you think that Burkina Faso should limit its population growth? Justify your
answer. (8pts)
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