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Sécurité au Burkina Faso l'Etat Burkinabè lance l'opération Restauration pour une garantie de la sécurité des personnes et des biens sur toute l'étendue du territoire national . Les élèves et étudiants s'activent pour une entrée scolaire 2020-2021 dans de meilleures conditions.

CULTURAL TRAITS/ HERITAGE (POPULATION GROWTH)

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salogo hamed Burkina Faso
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CULTURAL TRAITS/ HERITAGE (POPULATION GROWTH)

Message non lu par salogo hamed » mer. 23 sept. 2020 14:34

THEME: CULTURAL TRAITS/ HERITAGE (POPULATION GROWTH)

TEXT 27: DOES OVER-POPULATION CONSTITUTE A THREAT ?

In the contemporary world, the population problem has not been solved. On the
contrary, it is becoming graver and more formidable with every passing year. It is against this
grim biological background that all the political, economic, cultural and psychological dramas
of our time are being played out. As the twentieth century wears on, as billions are added to
the existing billions, this biological background will advance, ever more insistently, ever more
menacingly, toward the front and centre of the historical stage. The problem of rapidly
increasing numbers in relation to natural resources, to social stability and to the well-being of
individuals that is now the central problem of mankind; and it will remain the central problem
certainly for another century, and perhaps for several centuries thereafter. A new age is
supposed to have begun on October 4, 1957. But, actually, in the present context, all our
exuberant post-Sputnik talk is irrelevant and even nonsensical. So far as the masses are
concerned, the coming age will not be the space age; it will be the age of overpopulation...Unsolved, that problem will render insoluble all our other problems.
If over-population should drive the under-developed countries into totalitarianism, and
if these new dictatorships should ally themselves with Russia, the military position of the
United States would become less secure and the preparation for defence and retaliation would
have to be intensified. But liberty, as we all know, cannot flourish in a country that is
permanently on a war footing, or even a near-war footing. Permanent crisis justifies a
permanent control of everybody and everything by the agencies of the central government.
And permanent crisis is what we have to expect in a world in which over-population is
producing a state of things, in which dictatorship under communist auspices becomes almost
inevitable.

From Aldous Huxley: Brave New World Revisited, 1958.

VOCABULARY: grim:

GUIDED COMMENTARY

1- How threatening or serious is the population problem according to Huxley?
2- What are the main problem related to the population problem that mankind is facing
nowadays according to the text?
3- Is there any relationship between over-population and peace, liberty according to the text?
Justify your statement.
4- Do you think that the population problem could find any satisfactory solution in the future?
Give your reasons.
Translate into French from “if over-population should drive...” down to “...auspices
becomes almost inevitable.
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